Probiotics and Prebiotics – What’s the difference?
Probiotics are live microorganisms which can help improve and maintain the health of your gastrointestinal tract. Some common food sources of probiotics include yoghurt, kefir, miso, kombucha, sauerkraut and other fermented vegetables
Prebiotics are non-digestible food fibres that stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut. Jerusalem artichokes, asparagus, garlic, leeks, legumes and onions are good food sources of prebiotics.
Pathogenic bacteria can flourish when there are low numbers of beneficial bacteria in the gut. This can lead to bloating, flatulence, constipation, diarrhoea, candida, inflammation and damage to the gut lining (which can lead to leaky gut syndrome). Low levels of beneficial gut bacteria can also increase susceptibility to urinary tract infections, colds and flu, allergies and inflammatory disorders.
Having a combination of prebiotic and probiotic rich foods in your diet and topping up with a supplement if needed can help to maintain a healthy balance of good bacteria and support overall health and wellbeing.